School of Food Science and Nutrition

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Melvin Holmes

Lecturer in Food Processing
Research section: Food Colloids and Processing

Contact details

Room: G.13
Tel: +44 (0)113 3437594


Mathematical modelling
Partial differential equations
Monte Carlo simulations
Risk and exposure assessments
Statistical and sensory Analysis
Food processing
New Product Development

Photograph of Melvin Holmes

Research interests

My primary research interests lie in the use of partial and ordinary differential equations to model physical systems, for example, heat transfer during processing methods, electromagnetic microwave models and thermoacoustics and using the models to gain an insight into the complex interactions that occur in real systems. Solutions to these problems may be obtained both analytically and numerically and validation achieved by comparison with appropriate experimental results.

I also am interested in Monte Carlo models and other statistical techniques to utilise dietary data to conduct exposure assessments from contaminants. This involves using large datasets such as National Dietary and Nutrition Surveys (NDNS) and specifically conducted dietary surveys in addition to appropriate concentration data relating to the target compound.

Some current areas of research include:

  • Modelling and measurement of ultrasound propagation through emulsions
  • Ultrasonic characterisation of the bulk viscosity of fluids
  • Probabilistic dietary exposure assessments
  • Statistical modelling for sensory analysis
  • Measurement and development of active packaging


Shi J, Hu X, Zou X, Zhao J, Zhang W, Holmes M, Huang X, Zhu Y, Li Z, Shen T, Zhang X A rapid and nondestructive method to determine the distribution map of protein, carbohydrate and sialic acid on Edible bird's nest by hyper-spectral imaging and chemometrics Food Chemistry 229 235-241, 2017
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Zhai X, Shi J, Zou X, Wang S, Jiang C, Zhang J, Huang X, Zhang W, Holmes M Novel colorimetric films based on starch/polyvinyl alcohol incorporated with roselle anthocyanins for fish freshness monitoring Food Hydrocolloids 69 308-317, 2017
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Aktar T, Chen J, Ettelaie R, Holmes M, Henson B Human roughness perception and possible factors effecting roughness sensation Journal of Texture Studies 48 181-192, 2017
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Tembo DT, Holmes MJ, Marshall LJ Effect of thermal treatment and storage on bioactive compounds, organic acids and antioxidant activity of baobab fruit (Adansonia digitata) pulp from Malawi Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 58 40-51, 2017
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Karim Z, Holmes M, Orfila C Inhibitory effect of chlorogenic acid on digestion of potato starch Food Chemistry 217 498-504, 2017
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Laguna L, Aktar T, Ettelaie R, Holmes M, Chen J A Comparison Between Young and Elderly Adults Investigating the Manual and Oral Capabilities During the Eating Process Journal of Texture Studies 47 361-372, 2016
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Zhihua L, Xuetao H, Jiyong S, Xiaobo Z, Xiaowei H, Xucheng Z, Tahir HE, Holmes M, Povey M Bacteria counting method based on polyaniline/bacteria thin film Biosensors and Bioelectronics 81 75-79, 2016
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Ettelaie R, Holmes M, Chen J, Farshchi A Steric stabilising properties of hydrophobically modified starch: Amylose vs. amylopectin Food Hydrocolloids 58 364-377, 2016
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Sarkar A, Murray B, Holmes M, Ettelaie R, Abdalla A, Yang X In vitro digestion of Pickering emulsions stabilized by soft whey protein microgel particles: Influence of thermal treatment Soft Matter 12 3558-3569, 2016
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Xiao-Wei H, Zhi-Hua L, Xiao-Bo Z, Ji-Yong S, Han-Ping M, Jie-Wen Z, Li-Min H, Holmes M Detection of meat-borne trimethylamine based on nanoporous colorimetric sensor arrays Food Chemistry 197 930-936, 2016
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Yanxiao L, Xiao-bo Z, Xiao-wei H, Ji-yong S, Jie-wen Z, Holmes M, Hao L A new room temperature gas sensor based on pigment-sensitized TiO2thin film for amines determination Biosensors and Bioelectronics 67 35-41, 2015
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Aktar T, Chen J, Ettelaie R, Holmes M Evaluation of the sensory correlation between touch sensitivity and the capacity to discriminate viscosity Journal of Sensory Studies 30 98-107, 2015
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Nyambe-Silavwe H, Villa-Rodriguez JA, Ifie I, Holmes M, Aydin E, Jensen JM, Williamson G Inhibition of humanα-amylase by dietary polyphenols Journal of Functional Foods 19 723-732, 2015
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Xiaowei H, Xiaobo Z, Jiewen Z, Jiyong S, Xiaolei Z, Holmes M Measurement of total anthocyanins content in flowering tea using near infrared spectroscopy combined with ant colony optimization models Food Chemistry 164 536-543, 2014
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Hazlehurst TA, Harlen OG, Holmes MJ, Povey MJW Multiple scattering in dispersions, for long wavelength thermoacoustic solutions Journal of Physics: Conference Series 498 -, 2014
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Holmes MJ, Southworth T, Watson NG, Povey MJW Enzyme activity determination using ultrasound Journal of Physics: Conference Series 498 , 2014
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Farshchi A, Ettelaie R, Holmes MJ Influence of pH value and locust bean gum concentration on the stability of sodium caseinate-stabilized emulsions Food Hydrocolloids 32 402-411, 2013
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Watson NJ, Holmes MJ, Povey MJW Modelling and development of microwave meals using Comsol multiphysics 14th International Conference on Microwave and High Frequency Heating, AMPERE 2013 , 2013
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Shi JY, Zou XB, Zhao JW, Mel H, Wang KL, Wang X, Chen H Determination of total flavonoids content in fresh Ginkgo biloba leaf with different colors using near infrared spectroscopy Spectrochimica Acta - Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 94 271-276, 2012
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Thaiban MA, Holmes MJ, Orfila C, Marshall LJ An estimate of dietary exposure of acrylamide in Saudi infants PROCEEDINGS OF THE NUTRITION SOCIETY 71 E110-E110, 2012

Holmes MJ, Parker NG, Povey MJW Temperature dependence of bulk viscosity in water using acoustic spectroscopy Journal of Physics: Conference Series 269 -, 2011

Holmes MJ, Chen J, Gaikwad V, Murray B, Povey M, Wang Y, Zhang Y Development of a simple model device for in vitro gastric digestion investigation Food and Function 2 174-182, 2011

Harlen OG, Holmes MJ, Pinfield VJ, Povey MJW, Sleeman BD A perturbation solution for long wavelength thermoacoustic propagation in dispersions Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics 234 1996-2002, 2010
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Holmes M, Zou X, Zhao J, Li Y In-line detection of apple defects using three color cameras system Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 70 129-134, 2010

Holmes MJ, Zou X, Zhao J, Povey MJW, Hanpin M Variables selection methods in near-infrared spectroscopy Analytica Chimica Acta 667 14-32, 2010

Holmes MJ, Zou X, Zhao J, Li Y Genetic algorithm interval partial least squares regression combined succesive projections algorithm for variable selection in near-infrared quantitative analysis of pigment in cucumber leaves Applied Spectroscopy 64 786-794, 2010

Holmes MJ, Zou X, Zhao J, Mao H, Shi J, Yin X, Li Y Independent component analysis in information extraction from visible/near-infrared hyperspectral imaging data of cucumber leaves Chemometrics and Intelligent Laboratory Systems 104 265-270, 2010

Holmes MJ, kennedy M, Riccio R, Hart A Assessing the risk to U.K. children from carbendazim residues in apple products Int J Occup Environ Health 14 86-93, 2008

Holmes MJ, Oldring PKT, Castle L, Hart A Migrants from food cans revisited - application of a stochastic model for a more realistic assessment of exposure to bisphenol A diglycidyl ether (BADGE). Packaging Technology&Science 19 121-137, 2006

Holmes MJ, Castle L, Hart A, oldring PKT Approach to stochastic modelling of consumer exposure for any substance from canned foods using simulant migration data Food Additives&Contaminants Part A - Chemistry, Analysis, Control 23 528-538, 2006

Holmes MJ, Johnston J, Hart A, Kohler DJ, Stahl RS Probabilistic model for estimating field mortality of target and non target bird populations when simultaneously exposed to avicide bait Pest Management Science 61 649-659, 2005

Holmes MJ, johnston JJ, Pitt WC, Sugihara RT, Eismann JD, Primus TM, Crocker J, Hart A Probabilistic Risk Assessment for Snails, Slugs and Endangered Honeycreepers in Diphacinone Rodenticide Baited Areas on Hawaii Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 24 1557-1567, 2005

Holmes MJ, Hart A, Northing P, Oldring PKT, Castle L, Stott D, Smith G Dietary exposure to chemical migrants from food contact materials: A probabilistic approach Food Additives&Contaminants 22 907-919, 2005

Holmes MJ, Shore RF, Crocker J, Akcakaya HR, Bennett RS, Chapman PF, Clook M, Crane M, Dewhurst IM, Edwards PJ, Fairbrother A, Ferson S, Fischer D, Hart ADM, Hooper MJ, Lavine M, Leopold A, Luttik R, Minneau P, Moore DRJ, Mortenson SR, Noble DG, O'Connor RJ, Roelofs W, Sibly RM, Smith GC, Spendiff M, Springer TA, Thompson HM, Topping C Case study part 1: How to calculate appropriate deterministic long-term toxicity to exposure ratios (TERs) for birds and mammals. Ecotoxicology 14 877-893, 2005

Holmes MJ, Roelofs W, Crocker J, Shore R, Moore DRJ, Smith GC, Akcakaya HR, Bennett RS, Chapman PF, Clook M, Crane M, Dewhurst IC, Edwards PJ, Fairbrother A, Ferson S, Fisher D, Hart ADM, Hooper MJ, Lavine M, Leopold A, Luttik R, Minneau P, Mortenson SR, Noble DG, O'Connor RJ, Sibly RM, Spendiff RM, Springer TA, Thompson HM, Topping C Case study part 2: Probabilistic modelling of long-term effects of pesticides on individual breeding success in birds and mammals Ecotoxicology 14 895-923, 2005

Harlen OG, Holmes MJ, Povey MJW, Sleeman BD Acoustic propagation in dispersions and the geometric theory of diffraction SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics 63 834-849, 2003

Holmes MJ, Hart A, Rose M Accounting for TEF uncertainty in dioxin exposure assessments Organohalogen compounds 65 292-295, 2003

Holmes MJ, Hart A, Smith GC, Rose M, Macarthur R, White S Dietary exposure to dioxins and PCBs including measurement uncertainty and limits of detection Organohalogen compounds 60 103-106, 2003

Holmes MJ, Sleeman BD A mathematical Model of cellular Locomotion Exhibiting Chemotaxis Journal of Theoretical Medicine 3 101-123, 2001

Harlen OG, Holmes MJ, Povey MJW, Qiu Y, Sleeman BD A low frequency potential scattering description of acoustic propagation in dispersions SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics 61 1906-1931, 2001

Holmes MJ, Sleeman BD A Mathematical Model for Cellular Locomotion Exhibiting Chemotaxis Journal of Theoretical Medicine 3 101-123, 2000

Holmes MJ, Sleeman BD A Mathematical Model of Tumour Angiogenesis Incorporating Viscoelastic Effects Journal of Theoretical Biology 202 95-112, 2000